Cushing, Oklahoma

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Cushing is a city in Payne County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 8,371 at the 2000 census.

The city was established after the Land Run of 1891 by Billy Rae Little.[3] It was named for Marshall Cushing, private secretary to U.S. Postmaster General John Wanamaker.[3] An oil boom that began in 1912 led to the city's development as a refining center.[3]

Today, Cushing is a major trading hub for crude oil and a famous price settlement point for West Texas Intermediate on the New York Mercantile Exchange.[4]



The area that would become Cushing was part of the Sac and Fox Reservation. With the Land Run of 1891, government trader for the tribe Billy Rae Little built a house, established his claim, and laid out town lots.[3] The town got a post office late that year and was named for Marshall Cushing, private secretary to U.S. Postmaster General John Wanamaker.[3]

In 1902, the Eastern Oklahoma Railway line to Cushing was built. The Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway added service on its own line built in 1903.[3]

Wildcatter Thomas B. Slick started an oil boom on March 17, 1912 when he brought in a gusher east of the town.[3] Oil production became based in nearby Drumright, Oklahoma, and Cushing became a refining center.[3]


Cushing is located in Payne County, Oklahoma at the intersection of state highways 33 and 18. Its geographic coordinates are 35°58′57″N 96°45′51″W / 35.9825°N 96.76417°W / 35.9825; -96.76417 (35.982628, -96.764171)[5]. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.6 square miles (19.8 km²), of which, 7.6 square miles (19.8 km²) is land and 0.13% is water.

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