Dari (Eastern Persian)

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Dari (Persian: دری Darī, pronounced [dæˈɾi]) or Fārsī-ye Darī (Persian: فارسی دری, [fɒːɾsije dæˈɾi]) in historical terms refers to the Persian court language of the Sassanids.[2] In contemporary usage, the term refers to the dialects of modern Persian language spoken in Afghanistan, and hence known as Afghan Persian in some Western sources.[3][4] It is the term officially recognized and promoted in 1964 by the Afghan government for the Persian language.[5] As defined in the Constitution of Afghanistan, it is one of the two official languages of Afghanistan, the other is Pashto.[6] Dari is the language most spoken in Afghanistan and the mother-tongue of a reported 50%[7][8][9][10][3] of the population, serving as the country's lingua franca.[8] The Iranian and Afghan dialects of Persian are highly mutually intelligible. Differences are found primarily in the vocabulary and phonology.

Dari, spoken in Afghanistan, should not be confused with Dari or Gabri of Iran, a language of the Central Iranian sub-group, spoken in some Zoroastrian communities.[11][12]

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