Deschutes County, Oregon

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Deschutes County (pronounced /dəˈʃuːts/) is a county located in the U.S. state of Oregon. In 2000, its population was 115,367. The county was created in 1916 out of part of Crook County and was named for the Deschutes River, which itself was named by French-Canadian trappers of the early 19th century. It is part of the Bend, Oregon, Metropolitan Statistical Area and is the political and economic hub of Central Oregon. The county seat is Bend.

Deschutes is the fastest-growing county in Oregon.[1]

Contents

History

French-Canadian fur trappers of the Hudson's Bay Company gave the name Riviere des Chutes (River of the Falls) to the Deschutes River, from which the county derived its name.[2]

On December 13, 1916, Deschutes County was created from the southern part of Crook County. Bend has been the county seat since the county's formation. It was the last county in Oregon to be established.

The Shevlin-Hixon Lumber Company also operated within the Bend area processing Ponderosa pine trees.

Economy

During the 1990s, Deschutes County experienced the most rapid growth of any county in Oregon largely due to the availability of recreation activities year-round, and its location as the nearest population center to much of the central Cascade Range. Beyond tourism, principal industries in the county are lumber, ranching and agriculture—chiefly potatoes. The Forest Service owns 51% of the lands within the county boundaries.

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