Dixon, Illinois

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Dixon is a city in Lee County, Illinois, United States. The population was 15,941 as of the 2000 census. Named for its founder, John Dixon (Dixon's Ferry), it is the county seat of Lee County[1]. Located on the Rock River, Dixon was the boyhood home of former U.S. President Ronald Reagan.

Dixon is also the site of the Lincoln Monument State Memorial, marking the spot where Abraham Lincoln joined the Illinois militia at Fort Dixon in 1832 during the Black Hawk War. The memorial is located on the west side of Dixon's main north-south street, Galena Avenue, (U.S. Highway 52 also U.S. 26), just north of the Rock River.[citation needed]



Dixon is located at 41°50′46″N 89°29′6″W / 41.84611°N 89.485°W / 41.84611; -89.485 (41.846130, -89.485115)[2].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.8 square miles (17.5 km²), of which 6.3 square miles (16.4 km²) are land and 0.4 square mile (1.1 km²) (6.22%) is water.


Around 1828, Joseph Ogee, a man of mixed French and Native American descent, established a ferry and a cabin along the banks of the Rock River. In 1829, an employee of Ogee was named postmaster at the newly constructed post office. John Dixon, the eponymous founder, bought Ogee's Ferry in the spring of 1830. Father Dixon brought his family to his new establishment on April 11 of the same year. Shortly after, the name of the post office was changed to Dixon's Ferry as well.[3]

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