Eaton, New York

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Eaton is a town in Madison County, New York, United States. The population was 4,826 at the 2000 census.

The Town of Eaton is in the south-central part of the county. US Route 20 passes across the northern part of the town.



The town was the principal location of the Oneida tribe, a sub-group of the Iroquois that allied itself with the colonial forces during the American Revolution. Euro-American settlement began around 1792. The Town of Eaton was formed in 1807 from the Town of Hamilton.


The town contains the Geographic Center of the state (near Pratts Hollow)[1]. The Chenango River flows across the town.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 45.6 square miles (118.1 km²), of which, 44.8 square miles (115.9 km²) of it is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km²) of it (1.82%) is water.


As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 4,826 people, 1,358 households, and 935 families residing in the town. The population density was 107.9 people per square mile (41.6/km²). There were 1,798 housing units at an average density of 40.2/sq mi (15.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 90.41% White, 6.55% African American, 0.46% Native American, 1.06% Asian, 0.46% from other races, and 1.08% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.99% of the population.

There were 1,358 households out of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% were non-families. 23.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the town the population was spread out with 20.0% under the age of 18, 30.7% from 18 to 24, 20.8% from 25 to 44, 17.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females there were 103.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.0 males.

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