Edgar Faure

related topics
{government, party, election}
{son, year, death}
{service, military, aircraft}
{work, book, publish}

Edgar Faure (French pronunciation: [ɛdɡaʁ foʁ]; 18 August 1908 – 30 March 1988) was a French politician, essayist, historian, and memoirist.



Faure was born in Béziers, Languedoc-Roussillon. He trained as a lawyer in Paris and became a member of the Bar at 27, the youngest lawyer in France to do so at the time. While living in Paris, he became active in Third Republic politics, and joined the Radical Party.

During the German occupation of World War II, he joined the French Resistance in the Maquis, and in 1942 fled to Charles de Gaulle's headquarters in Algiers, where he was made head of the Provisional Government of the Republic's legislative department. At the end of the war he served as French counsel for the prosecution at the Nuremberg Trials.

In 1946, he was elected to the French Parliament as a Radical. While the popularity of his party declined to less than 10 per cent of the total vote, none of the other parties was able to gain a clear majority. As such, early on, Faure’s party often played a disproportionately important role in the formation of French governments. In this, he led the cabinet in 1952 and from 1955 to 1956. Faure was a leader of the more conservative wing of the party, opposing the party's left under Pierre Mendès-France.

Faure's views changed during the Fourth Republic, and after being initially opposed to the Fifth Republic (he voted against presidential election by universal suffrage in the 1962 referendum), he eventually became a Gaullist. De Gaulle's party, the Union for the New Republic, sent him on an unofficial mission to the People's Republic of China in 1963. In government he served in successive ministries: Agriculture (1966-1968), National Education (1968-1969, where he was responsible for pushing through reform of the universities), and Social Affairs (1972-1973). He declined to be a candidate at the 1974 presidential election, and supported Valéry Giscard d'Estaing against the Gaullist candidate Jacques Chaban-Delmas.

Full article ▸

related documents
Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh
Foreign relations of Monaco
Politics of Cape Verde
United States presidential election, 1804
List of premiers of Prince Edward Island
Cambio 90
United Kingdom general election, 2001
Lluís Companys i Jover
Claudia Roth
Politics of Monaco
Solidarity Electoral Action
Government of Colombia
Domhnall Ua Buachalla
Politics of Lesotho
Politics of Greenland
Homer E. Capehart
Foreign relations of Mali
Ludwig Erhard
Politics of the Northern Mariana Islands
Pan-Green Coalition
United States presidential election, 1904
Politics of the Republic of the Congo
Luis Muñoz Marín
Esko Aho
MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 2001
Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting
Art Olivier
Politics of Glasgow
United States Postmaster General