Edisto Beach, South Carolina

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Edisto Beach is a town in Colleton County, South Carolina, United States. The population was 641 at the 2000 census. The town limits include only the coastal area of Edisto Island (the majority of the island's area is part of Charleston County, though the town itself is incorporated within Colleton).

Contents

History

Edisto Beach was originally settled by the Edisto Indians and was discovered by the Spanish in the late 16th century. Thereafter, commerce on the Island began to develop. Rice and indigo were the most common crops during the early settlement years. Later, significant cotton plantations were built and flourished. This industry, fueled by rich land owners and slaves, prospered until the Civil War.

Although the Union soldiers thereafter invaded Edisto and John's Islands, the Confederate forces were able to retain control of Charleston until 1865, very late in the War.

By the 1920s South Carolina residents began arriving to Edisto Island and Edisto Beach to build crude retreats. In those days, access to the island could be gained only at low tide by driving or riding across the marsh on beds of oyster shells.

Although most homes on the island were destroyed in the 1940s, Hurricane Hugo spared the island in 1989. It has since become a vacation destination with a section of the island recently purchased by Wyndham Resorts.[3]

Geography

Edisto Beach is located at 32°29′15″N 80°19′28″W / 32.4875°N 80.32444°W / 32.4875; -80.32444 (32.487613, -80.324402)[4].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.3 square miles (6.1 km²), of which, 2.1 square miles (5.5 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.6 km²) of it (9.79%) is water.

Edisto Beach State Park is located on the coast of South Carolina, 50 miles south of Charleston, near the town of Edisto Beach in Colleton County.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 641 people, 329 households, and 221 families residing in the town. The population density was 301.7 people per square mile (116.7/km²). There were 1,785 housing units at an average density of 840.2/sq mi (325.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.63% White, 2.81% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.16% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.31% of the population.

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