Elizabeth Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania

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Elizabeth Township is a township in north central Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 3,833 at the 2000 census.

Contents

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 17.8 square miles (46.0 km²), of which, 17.6 square miles (45.5 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km²) of it (1.07%) is water.

The Township's largest village is Brickerville. Some other smaller villages include Elm, Poplar Grove and Lexington.

History

Elizabeth Township was established in 1757 as a split off Warwick Township. It was split again in 1853 to create the present Clay Township to the east.

In early colonial days the area now comprising Elizabeth Township played an important part in the development of the County. The village of Brickerville dates from 1741, when the area's first blast furnace was built to make cast iron from ore from the Cornwall mines. Stiegel glass manufacturing, dating from 1757, soon grew into an international export. Iron production grew, reaching its peak about 1780 and continuing until 1856. The supplying of charcoal from area forests to feed the furnaces over this period became an important related industry.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 3,833 people, 1,303 households, and 1,088 families residing in the township. The population density was 218.0 people per square mile (84.2/km²). There were 1,334 housing units at an average density of 75.9/sq mi (29.3/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 98.62% White, 0.37% African American, 0.03% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.37% from other races, and 0.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.25% of the population.

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