Engraving

related topics
{@card@, make, design}
{work, book, publish}
{church, century, christian}
{ship, engine, design}
{acid, form, water}
{mi², represent, 1st}

Engraving is the practice of incising a design on to a hard, usually flat surface, by cutting grooves into it. The result may be a decorated object in itself, as when silver, gold, steel, or glass are engraved, or may provide an intaglio printing plate, of copper or another metal, for printing images on paper as prints or illustrations; these images are also called engravings.

Engraving was a historically important method of producing images on paper, both in artistic printmaking, and also for commercial reproductions and illustrations for books and magazines. It has long been replaced by photography in its commercial applications and, partly because of the difficulty of learning the technique, is much less common in printmaking, where it has been largely replaced by etching and other techniques.

Traditional engraving, by burin or with the use of machines, continues to be practised by goldsmiths, glass engravers, gunsmiths and others, while modern industrial techniques such as photoengraving and laser engraving have many important applications. Engraved gems were an important art in the ancient world, revived at the Renaissance, although the term traditionally covers relief as well as intaglio carvings, and is essentially a branch of sculpture rather than engraving, as drills were the usual tools.

Contents

Terms

Other terms often used for printed engravings are copper engraving, copper-plate engraving or line engraving. Steel engraving is the same technique, on steel or steel-faced plates, and was mostly used for banknotes, illustrations for books, magazines and reproductive prints, letterheads and similar uses from about 1790 to the early 20th century, when the technique became less popular, except for banknotes and other forms of security printing. Especially in the past, "engraving" was often used very loosely to cover several printmaking techniques, so that many so-called engravings were in fact produced by totally different techniques, such as etching or mezzotint.

Full article ▸

related documents
Quilting
Machete
Patchwork
Worsted
Whipping knot
Pattern welding
Helmet
Euro coins
Kimono
Jigsaw puzzle
Coins of the United States dollar
Crochet
Pulley
Diamond cutting
Taut-line hitch
Thai baht
Shield
Japanese school uniform
Grappling
Conveyor belt
Drawing board
Greek drachma
Magenta
Lock picking
Arrow
Rapier
Canvas
Swedish krona
Barbed tape
Pickelhaube