Essonne

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Essonne is a French department in the region of Île-de-France. It is named after the Essonne River.

It was formed on 1 January 1968 when Seine-et-Oise was split into smaller departments.

Contents

History

The Essonne department was created on 1 January 1968, from the southern portion of the former department of Seine-et-Oise.

In June 1963 Carrefour S.A. opened the first hypermarket in the Paris region at Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois (although the word "hypermarche" was first used only in 1966). Based on the ideas put forward by the American logistics pioneer Bernardo Trujillo[1], the centre offered on a single 2500m² site a hitherto unknown combination of wide choice and low prices, supported by 400 car parking spaces.

Lors d'un séminaire de Bernardo Trujillo[2], le « pape de la distribution moderne », aux États-Unis, Marcel Fournier et Denis Defforey puisent leur inspiration. Le 15, Carrefour met en œuvre pour la première fois le concept d’hypermarché (bien que le terme ne soit créé qu’en 1966 par le fondateur de la revue Libre-Service Actualités) en ouvrant le premier[3] dans la région parisienne à Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois. Celui-ci regroupe les préceptes du théoricien américain : vaste choix, large place à la voiture, dramatisation du lieu de vente, bas prix… Ainsi la superficie est de Template:Unité et 400 places de parking.

In 1969, the communes of Châteaufort and Toussus-le-Noble were separated from Essonne and added to the department of Yvelines.

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