Fairfield, Iowa

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Fairfield is a city and county seat of Jefferson County,[1] Iowa, United States. The population was 9,509 as of the 2000 census.



Fairfield was the site of the first and second Iowa State Fair. The first fair was held October 25–27, 1854 on 6 acres (24,000 m2) of land surrounded by a 10-foot-high (3.0 m) fence. The total cost to hold the fair was around $320, and public admission was 25 cents per person. It is estimated that between 7,000 and 10,000 fair goers attended this historical event. [2]


Fairfield's geography is typical of the great plains of the American Midwest: around the city is rolling farmland specializing in corn, soybeans, cattle and hogs. Running west-east through the city is U.S. Route 34; the city of Burlington is to the east and Ottumwa to the west. North-South is Iowa Highway 1, leading north to Iowa City and south to the Missouri state border.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.9 square miles (15.2 km²), of which, 5.7 square miles (14.9 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²) of it (2.21%) is water.

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