Fairfield, Pennsylvania

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Fairfield is a borough in Adams County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 486 at the 2000 census.



During the Gettysburg Campaign in the American Civil War, the Battle of Fairfield played an important role in securing the Hagerstown Road, enabling Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia to retreat through Fairfield towards the Potomac River. Lee and his officers stopped to eat at the Fairfield Inn, which is still operated at as a small hotel to this day.


Fairfield is located at 39°47′14″N 77°22′10″W / 39.78722°N 77.36944°W / 39.78722; -77.36944 (39.787260, -77.369399).[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.7 square miles (1.8 km²), all of it land.


As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 486 people, 232 households, and 139 families residing in the borough. The population density was 708.2 people per square mile (272.0/km²). There were 245 housing units at an average density of 357.0/sq mi (137.1/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 98.35% White, 0.62% Asian, 0.41% from other races, and 0.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.62% of the population.

There were 232 households out of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.7% were non-families. 36.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.09 and the average family size was 2.67.

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