Fairfield Township, Essex County, New Jersey

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Fairfield is a township in far northwestern Essex County, New Jersey, in the United States. As of the 2000 census, the township population was 7,063. Fairfield is the least densely populated town in Essex County.

What is now Fairfield was formed on February 16, 1798, as Caldwell Township from portions of Acquackanonk Township and Newark Township. It was incorporated as one of New Jersey's initial 104 townships by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798. Portions of the township were taken to create Livingston (February 8, 1813), Fairmount Township (March 11, 1862, now part of West Orange), Caldwell borough (February 10, 1892), Verona Township (February 17, 1892, now known as Cedar Grove), North Caldwell (March 31, 1898), Essex Fells (March 31, 1902) and West Caldwell (February 24, 1904). On November 6, 1963, Caldwell was renamed as Fairfield Township, based on the results of a referendum passed the previous day. Fairfield was reincorporated as borough on June 8, 1964.[7] In 1979, Fairfield again became a township to take advantage of federal revenue sharing policies.[8]

Essex County Airport is located in Fairfield.



Fairfield is located at 40°52′45″N 74°17′38″W / 40.879049°N 74.293781°W / 40.879049; -74.293781 (40.879049, -74.293781).[9]

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