Fidelity, Illinois

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Fidelity is a village in Jersey County, Illinois, United States, located about thirty-five miles north of Saint Louis, Missouri. The population was 105 at the 2000 census.

The village is usually noted for its postmark.

Contents

Geography

Fidelity is located at 39°9′17″N 90°9′50″W / 39.15472°N 90.16389°W / 39.15472; -90.16389 (39.154636, -90.163947).[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²). None of it is covered by water.

History

In 1829, people from Tennessee reportedly traveled across this site. According to local legend, a horse belonging to settler Joseph Russell went lame, stranding Russell, who was offered a replacement horse by another settler, Samuel Simmons.

The legend continues that Russell replied, "That's true fidelity."

Simmons built a log cabin there, and in 1850, Russell and his brother also settled in the area. The Russell brothers are credited with having ensured the town was officially named Fidelity. A post office was established in the village in 1854. During the mid-20th century, Fidelity was reportedly the site of "a small Army barracks, grain elevator, several doctors and dentists, a blacksmith shop and grocery stores."

Since then, Fidelity has become a tiny village made up mostly of small homes. The post office is now the only remaining business and its postmark has enjoyed some popularity for use on Valentine's day greetings, with several hundred requests for cancellations received from addresses both in the United States and around the world each year [2].

Demographics

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 105 people, 41 households, and 30 families residing in the village. The population density was 941.2 people per square mile (368.6/km²). There were 44 housing units at an average density of 394.4/sq mi (154.4/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 100.00% White.

There were 41 households, out of which 46.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.2% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.4% were non-families. 17.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 2.77.

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