Figueres

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Figueres (Catalan pronunciation: [fiˈɣeɾəs], Catalan for fig trees) (Spanish: Figueras) is the capital of the comarca (district) of Alt Empordà, in the province of Girona, Catalonia, Spain.

The town is the birthplace of artist Salvador Dalí, and houses the Teatre-Museu Gala Salvador Dalí, a large museum designed by Dalí himself which attracts many visitors. It is also the birthplace of Narcís Monturiol i Estarriol, inventor of the first successful machine powered submarine. Also born here was Mónica Naranjo, one of the best selling Spanish singers of the 1990s and 2000s.

Contents

History

The town's name derives from that of Ficaris, of Visigoth origins. In 1267 King James I of Aragon conceded it fuero rights, but four years later count Hugo IV of Ampurias set the town on fire.

During the Spanish Civil War it remained loyal to the Republican government, and was repeatedly bombed by the rebels. Figueres recovered starting from the 1950s, consolidating its economy around the tourism industry.

Main sights

Transportation

Situated in the north-east corner of Catalonia, Figueres is about 40 km from Girona, 140 km from Barcelona, 60 km from Perpignan and 50 km from Girona-Costa Brava Airport.

Figueres has been connected since December 2010 to the high-speed rail network with the start of services connecting Figueres to Perpignan via LGV. Connections to Madrid-Barcelona via AVE are scheduled to begin service in 2012.

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