Fillmore, Utah

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Fillmore is a city in Millard County, Utah, United States. The population was 2,253 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Millard County.[3] It is named for the thirteenth US President Millard Fillmore.

From 1851 to 1856, Fillmore was the capital of Utah Territory. The original Utah Territorial Statehouse still stands.

Contents

History

Fillmore, located near the geographic center of the territory, was originally built as the capital of Utah Territory. The Utah Territorial Legislature approved a plan to locate the capital in the Pauvant Valley. On October 28, 1851 Utah governor Brigham Young chose the specific site for Fillmore. Jesse W. Fox that same day surveyed the town.[4]

Anson Call was the head of the colonizing company that shortly followed. Besides homes they built a grist mill and a saw mill.[4] The capitol building was begun in 1852.

In the following years some disagreements developed with the Native Americans in the area, but Brigham Young sent Dimick B. Huntington to the area and he managed to negotiate a peace. The region was considered as a route, along the 38th parallel, for the transcontinental railroad. Captain John W. Gunnison, leading a military party surveying the region, was attacked by a band of Pahvants (Ute) west of Fillmore. In the resulting October 1853 massacre, Gunnison and seven of his men were killed. During the 1860s two forts, Fort Deseret and Cove Fort were constructed nearby as protection from Indian unrest.

In 1855 the territorial legislature met in Fillmore. However, in 1856, the legislature decided to move the Territorial Capital to the larger community of Salt Lake City.[4]

Geography

Fillmore is located at 38°58′4″N 112°19′51″W / 38.96778°N 112.33083°W / 38.96778; -112.33083 (38.967642, -112.330698),[5] at 5135 feet in elevation. It lies in the Pahvant Valley, near the base of the Pahvant Mountain Range.

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