Financial market

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Bruxelles Bourse.jpg

Public market

Exchange
Securities

Fixed income
Corporate bond
Government bond
Municipal bond
Bond valuation
High-yield debt

Stock
Preferred stock
Common stock
Registered share
Voting share
Stock exchange

Securitization
Hybrid security
Credit derivative
Futures exchange

Spot market
Forwards
Swaps
Options

Exchange rate
Currency

Money market
Reinsurance market
Commodity market
Real estate market

Participants
Clearing house
Financial regulation

Finance series
Banks and banking
Corporate finance
Personal finance
Public finance

In economics, a financial market is a mechanism that allows people to buy and sell (trade) financial securities (such as stocks and bonds), commodities (such as precious metals or agricultural goods), and other fungible items of value at low transaction costs and at prices that reflect the efficient-market hypothesis.

Both general markets (where many commodities are traded) and specialized markets (where only one commodity is traded) exist. Markets work by placing many interested buyers and sellers in one "place", thus making it easier for them to find each other. An economy which relies primarily on interactions between buyers and sellers to allocate resources is known as a market economy in contrast either to a command economy or to a non-market economy such as a gift economy.

In finance, financial markets facilitate:

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