Flag of Finland

related topics
{@card@, make, design}
{style, bgcolor, rowspan}
{water, park, boat}
{law, state, case}
{day, year, event}
{black, white, people}
{service, military, aircraft}
{line, north, south}
{government, party, election}
{area, part, region}
{country, population, people}
{church, century, christian}
{ship, engine, design}
{mi², represent, 1st}
{game, team, player}
{town, population, incorporate}

The flag of Finland (Finnish: Suomen lippu, Swedish: Finlands flagga), also called Siniristilippu ("Blue Cross Flag"), dates from the beginning of the 20th century. It features a blue Nordic cross on a white background. The state flag has a coat of arms in the centre, but is otherwise identical to the civil flag. The swallow-tailed state flag is used by the military. The presidential standard is identical to the swallow-tailed state flag but also has in its upper left corner the Cross of Liberty after the Order of the Cross of Liberty, which has the President of Finland as its Grand Master. Like Sweden's, Finland's national flag is based on the Scandinavian cross. It was adopted after independence from Russia, when many patriotic Finns wanted a special flag for their country, but its design dates back to the 19th century. The blue coloring is said to represent the country's thousands of lakes and the sky, with white for the snow that covers the land in winter. This color combination has also been used over the centuries in various Finnish provincial, military, and town flags.

Contents

History

The current blue-crossed design was first used in Finland by Nyländska Jaktklubben, a yacht club founded in Helsinki in 1861. In addition to the blue cross on the white background, the yacht club flag had the crowned arms of the province of Uusimaa within two crossed branches in the upper hoist quarter. Except for the position of the cross, the flag was similar to the flag of the St. Petersburg Yacht Club, founded the previous year. The design can be traced to the Russian Navy ensign, which has a blue cross saltire on a white background.

Shortly after Finland gained independence in 1917, a competition was held for the design of the Finnish flag. Several different designs were submitted. Regarding the colours, the entries fell mainly into two categories - one using the red and yellow from the Finnish coat of arms, and the other using the present blue and white colours.

One entry had the Dannebrog cross design, but with a yellow cross on a red background. Another entry had diagonal blue and white stripes, but it was criticized as being more suitable for a barber shop than a newly-independent country.

Legal definition

Full article ▸

related documents
Flag of the Netherlands
Minor Arcana
Rider-Waite tarot deck
Violet (color)
Rainbow flag
Discus throw
Flag of Luxembourg
Flag of France
Crayola
Applique
Canvas work
Lace
Blackwork Embroidery
Velvet
Protection (climbing)
Bow drill
Puzzle
Ladder
Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador
Teddy bear
Paper shredder
Napoleon (coin)
Grade (bouldering)
Chad (paper)
Bifocals
Quarterstaff
Converse (shoe company)
Vexillology
Power tool
Knapping