Fountain Valley, California

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Fountain Valley is a city in Orange County, California. The population was 58,741 according to the 2010 estimate by the California Department of Finance.[1] A classic bedroom community, Fountain Valley is a middle-class residential area.

Contents

History

The area encompassing Fountain Valley was originally inhabited by the Tongva people. European settlement of the area began when Manuel Nieto was granted the land for Rancho Los Nietos, which encompassed over 300,000 acres (1,200 km2), including present-day Fountain Valley. Control of the land was subsequently transferred to Mexico upon independence from Spain, and then to the United States as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.

The city was incorporated in 1957, before which it was known as Talbert (also as Gospel Swamps by residents). The name of Fountain Valley refers to the very high water table in the area at the time the name was chosen, and the many corresponding artesian wells in the area. Early settlers constructed drainage canals to make the land usable for agriculture, which remained the dominant use of land until the 1960s, when construction of large housing tracts accelerated.[2]

Geography

Fountain Valley is located at 33°42′31″N 117°57′23″W / 33.70861°N 117.95639°W / 33.70861; -117.95639 (33.708618, -117.956295)[3]. The elevation of the city is approximately twenty feet above sea level, slightly lower than surrounding areas. This is especially noticeable in the southwest area of the city, where several streets have a steep grade as they cross into Huntington Beach.

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