Fullerene

related topics
{acid, form, water}
{math, energy, light}
{@card@, make, design}
{work, book, publish}
{disease, patient, cell}
{specie, animal, plant}

Part of a series of articles on

Nanomaterials

Carbon nanotubes
Buckminsterfullerene
Fullerene chemistry
Applications
In popular culture
Timeline
Carbon allotropes

Quantum dots
Nanostructures
Colloidal gold
Silver nanoparticles
Iron nanoparticles
Platinum nanoparticles

See also
Nanotechnology
 v  d  e 

A fullerene is any molecule composed entirely of carbon, in the form of a hollow sphere, ellipsoid, or tube. Spherical fullerenes are also called buckyballs, and cylindrical ones are called carbon nanotubes or buckytubes. Fullerenes are similar in structure to graphite, which is composed of stacked graphene sheets of linked hexagonal rings; but they may also contain pentagonal (or sometimes heptagonal) rings.[1]

The first fullerene to be discovered, and the family's namesake, buckminsterfullerene (C60), was prepared in 1985 by Richard Smalley, Robert Curl, James Heath, Sean O'Brien, and Harold Kroto at Rice University. The name was an homage to Buckminster Fuller, whose geodesic domes it resembles. The structure was also identified some five years earlier by Sumio Iijima, from an electron microscope image, where it formed the core of a "bucky onion."[2] Fullerenes have since been found to occur in nature.[3] More recently, fullerenes have been detected in outer space.[4] According to astronomer Letizia Stanghellini, "It’s possible that buckyballs from outer space provided seeds for life on Earth.”[5]

Full article ▸

related documents
Law of multiple proportions
Nickel
Polonium
Phosphorus
Lithium
DNA replication
Platinum
Lead
Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry
Fatty acid
Zeolite
Hafnium
Cyanide
Alkene
Zinc
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Bohrium
Catalysis
Mitochondrion
Palladium
Thermite
Solubility
Coal
Methanol
Carbon monoxide
Arsenic
Iridium
Natural gas
Amino acid