Gang

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A gang is a group of people, through the organization, formation, and establishment of an assemblage, share a common identity.[2] In current usage it typically denotes a criminal organization or else a criminal affiliation. In early usage, the word gang referred to a group of workmen. In the United Kingdom the word is still often used in this sense, but it later underwent pejoration. The word gang often carries a negative connotation; however, within a gang which defines itself in opposition to mainstream norms, members may adopt the phrase as a statement of identity or defiance. Reports of gang-related homicides are concentrated mostly in the largest cities in the United States, where there are long-standing and persistent gang problems and a greater number of documented gang members—most of whom are identified by law enforcement.[3]

The United Nations estimates that gangs make most of their money through the drugs trade, they are thought to be worth £352bn in total.[4] The United States Department of Justice estimates there are approximately 30,000 gangs, with 760,000 members, impacting 2,500 communities across the United States.[5]

The word "gang" derives from the past participle of Old English gan "to go". It is cognate with Old Norse gangr,[6] meaning "journey."[7]

Contents

History

A wide variety of gangs, such as The Order of Assassins, Adam the Leper's gang, Indian Thugs, Chinese Triads, Snakehead, Japanese Yakuza, Irish mob, Pancho Villa's Villistas, Dead Rabbits, American Old West outlaw gangs, Bowery Boys, Jewish mafia, Russian mafia and Italian Mafia crime families have existed for centuries. For example during the 13th century the members belonging to Sardinian Camorra, best known as Gamurra, consisting of mercenaries, before going to Naples worked in Cagliari town as private policemen and bodyguards.

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