Generalitat

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Generalitat (Catalan IPA: [ʒənəɾəɫiˈtat], Valencian IPA: [dʒeneɾaliˈtat], literally in English 'Generality') is the name of the autonomous systems of government of two of the present Spanish autonomous communities: Catalonia and the Valencian Community. The term is also used for the government of the semi-autonomous comarca of Val d'Aran, the Generalitat a l'Aran.

Generalitat refers to all three branches of government, not simply the executive. For example, the Catalan executive is, officially, the "Government of the Generalitat of Catalonia" (el Govern de la Generalitat de Catalunya: cf. Government of the Kingdom of Spain, el Gobierno del Reino de España), while those of the Valencian community and the Val d'Aran are known as the "Council of the Valencian Generalitat" (Consell de la Generalitat Valenciana) and the Síndic respectively.

The name Generalitat is actually older than Spain, dating back to the 13th century, to the medieval courts of the ancient Principality of Catalonia and the Kingdom of Valencia respectively. The term originally referred to a delegation of members of the Corts, who oversaw the implementation of the decisions of the Corts between sessions, and is derived from the Catalan Diputació del General (de Catalunya). The Catalan and Valencian Generalitats were both abolished by the Decretos de Nueva Planta (literally, 'New Order' or 'New Plant Decrees'), signed by Philip V of Spain at the start of the eighteenth century, and only reinstated after the death of Franco in 1975, although in Catalonia it also had a brief existence during the Second Spanish Republic. The Generalitat a l'Aran was legally created by the 2006 modification of the Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia, although the Val d'Aran had also enjoyed considerable autonomy within Catalonia under the 1979 Statute of Autonomy.

See also


References

  • Història de Catalunya. Barcelona: El Periodico, 1992.

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