German Type II submarine

related topics
{ship, engine, design}
{build, building, house}
{service, military, aircraft}
{war, force, army}
{math, number, function}

The Type II U-boat was designed by Germany as a coastal U-boat, modeled after the CV-707 submarine, which was designed by the Dutch dummy company NV Ingenieurskantoor voor Scheepsbouw den Haag (I.v.S) (set up by Germany after World War I in order to maintain and develop German submarine technology and to circumvent the limitations set by the Treaty of Versailles) and built in 1933 by the Finnish Crichton-Vulcan shipyard in Turku, Finland. It was too small to undertake sustained operations far away from the home support facilities. Its primary role was found to be in the training schools, preparing new German naval officers for command. It appeared in four sub-types.

Contents

Background

Germany was stripped of her U-boats by the Treaty of Versailles at the end of World War I, but in the late 1920s and early 1930s began to rebuild her armed forces. The pace of rearmament accelerated under Adolf Hitler, and the first Type II U-boat was laid down on 11 February 1935. Knowing that the world would see this step towards rearmament, Hitler reached an agreement with Britain to build a navy up to 35% of the size of the Royal Navy in surface vessels, but equal to the British in number of submarines. This agreement was signed on 18 June 1935, and U-1 was commissioned 11 days later.

Design

The defining characteristic of the Type II was its tiny size. Known as the Einbaum ("dugout canoe"), it had the advantages over larger boats of the ability to work in shallow water, diving more quickly, and being more difficult to spot due to the low conning tower. However, it had a shallower maximum depth, short range, and cramped living conditions, and could carry few torpedoes.

Full article ▸

related documents
Ammunition column
Nuclear utilization target selection
HMS Hampshire (1903)
Sputnik 22
USS City of Corpus Christi (SSN-705)
Henri Grâce à Dieu
Agosta 90B class submarine
Robert Fulton
Airspeed Ltd.
Maritime Prepositioning ship
Sputnik 25
Hawker Harrier
MV Blue Marlin
Starfighter
Henry Shrapnel
Flying car (aircraft)
Operation Deadlight
Naval ship
Brisance
Permissive Action Link
Reichsmarine
D1G reactor
Luna 9
Starship
AG Weser
NoCGV Svalbard
Wharf
Star of India (ship)
Royal Institute of Technology
Lady Elgin (steamship)