Gilboa, New York

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Gilboa is a town in Schoharie County, New York, United States. The population was 1,215 at the 2000 census. The town was named after a prominent community in the town.

The Town of Gilboa is in the south part of the county and is southwest of Albany.



The town was first settled around 1760.

The Town of Gilboa was formed in 1848 from regions taken from the Towns of Blenheim and Broome. The name "Gilboa" is from a location in Israel.

A cotton mill in the community of Gilboa was a major contributor to the early economy of the town, but it was destroyed by a flood in 1869.

In 1926, the Schoharie Creek was dammed to form the Schoharie Reservoir. The original settlement of Gilboa was razed and flooded as part of this project. A new settlement was established north of the reservoir.

Fossil Forest

In 1870, workers blasting a site for a stone quarry found fossilized remains of tree stumps. In 2004, the tops and fronds of the trees were discovered and, in 2007, the fern-like trees, named Wattieza, were pronounced the oldest known trees on earth.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 59.3 square miles (153.7 km²), of which, 57.8 square miles (149.6 km²) of it is land and 1.6 square miles (4.0 km²) of it (2.63%) is water.

The south town line forms a border with Delaware County and Greene County.

The Schoharie Creek flows northward through the town.

New York State Route 30 is a north-south highway in Gilboa. New York State Route 23 cuts through the southwest corner of the town. New York State Route 990V is a highway running eastward from NY-30 in the southeast part of Gilboa.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,215 , 478 households, and 355 families residing in the town. The population density was 21.0 people per square mile (8.1/km²). There were 992 housing units at an average density of 17.2/sq mi (6.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.80% White, 0.91% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.82% Asian, 1.23% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.98% of the population.

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