Gonzales, California

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Gonzales is a city in Monterey County, California, United States. Gonzales is located 16 miles (26 km) southeast of Salinas,[2] at an elevation of 135 feet (41 m).[1] The population was 7,525 at the 2000 census. Gonzales is a member of the Association of Monterey Bay Area Governments.

Contents

Wine-growing area

Gonzales is an important wine cultivation area. Wineries located in Gonzales include Blackstone, Robert Talbott Vineyards, Paul Masson Vineyards, Pisoni Vineyards, Constellation Wines, Boekenoogen Winery, and Salinas Valley Vineyards, . The Rex Goliath wine company is also based in Gonzales.[3]

Geography

Gonzales is located at 36°30′24″N 121°26′40″W / 36.50667°N 121.44444°W / 36.50667; -121.44444.[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.4 square miles (3.7 km²), of which, 1.4 square miles (3.6 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (2.13%) is water.

History

Originally a depot for freight trains once the Southern Pacific Railroad laid tracks through the valley in 1872.

The community was planned Mariano and Alfredo Gonzales.[4] The first Gonzales post office opened in 1873. The name honors the Gonzales family, owners of Rancho Rincon de la Puente del Monte, on which Gonzales was built.[2] At that time, Gonzales was a cattle ranching and grain growers community.

Gonzales soon turned into a predominantly Swiss dairy community when John B. Meyenberg brought his original milk processing procedures to the United States. His company the Alpine Milk Company, later known as the Meyenberg Milk Company opened its first plant in Gonzales in 1906.[5] Improvements to agriculture technology and the rich soil soon grew the Salinas Valley into the nation's premier agricultural center and all but one dairy farm disappeared.[6]

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