Granville, Massachusetts

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Granville is a town in Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 1,521 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Springfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

History and Description

Granville was first settled in 1736 and was officially incorporated in 1754, after the end of the Indian wars in 1750. Early settlers could get at 100-acre (0.40 km2) lot for free, providing they built a house and "put four acres in English hay". Perhaps the most famous resident of that era was Oliver Phelps, whose purchase of 6 million acres (24,000 km2) in western New York remains the largest real estate purchase in US history (Phelps and Gorham Purchase). The population expanded quickly, peaking at 2100 in 1810, when it rivaled Springfield. However, perhaps due to the rocky soil, the settlers eventually migrated west, some establishing the town of Granville, Ohio.

Many historic homes dot Route 57, the main road through town. The village center, the old center, and West Granville center, are all districts recognized by The National Register of Historic Places. Historic buildings include Granville's Old Meeting House (superb acoustics), the Stevenson house to the west of the old meeting house, the West Granville Academy, and the West Granville Church. The village center features an old fashioned country store, known for its cellar-aged cheese.

In addition to period architecture, Granville is the watershed for three reservoirs: Barkhamsted, the main source for the Hartford metropolitan district; Cobble Mountain, the main source for the city of Springfield; and Westfield, the main source for the city of Westfield, Massachusetts. Much of the land in town is owned by the various water districts. Granville also has a number of active apple orchards.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 43.0 square miles (111.3 km²), of which, 42.2 square miles (109.4 km²) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.9 km²) of it (1.70%) is water.

Granville is bordered on the north by Blandford and Russell, on the northeast by Westfield, on the east by Southwick, on the south by Granby, Connecticut and Hartland, Connecticut, and on the west by Tolland.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,521 people, 556 households, and 409 families residing in the town. The population density was 36.0 people per square mile (13.9/km²). There were 595 housing units at an average density of 14.1/sq mi (5.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.69% White, 0.26% African American, 0.20% Asian, 0.39% from other races, and 0.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.66% of the population.

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