Greenbush, Minnesota

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Greenbush is a city in Roseau County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 784 at the 2000 census. It is also the home of the Wahl Bros. Racing Team.

Minnesota State Highways 11 and 32 are two of the main arterial routes in the community.



The word Greenbush comes from "Sha Ach Wah," which means spruce tree or green bush in Ojibwe. Scandinavian, Polish and Bohemian settlers arrived in the area in 1880s, with the largest influx immigrating in the early 1890s. The Homestead Act gave 160 acres (0.65 km2) free to settlers if they set up living quarters and develop a few acres into the fields.

The original setting of the city was on a ridge of what used to be the shores of ancient Lake Agassiz. This village is now referred to as "Old Greenbush," and is marked by Hvidso cemetery (also known as Pioneer Haven) along Highway 11. In 1904, the Great Northern railroad came to the area. It expanded north from Thief River Falls to where present day Greenbush is, where it stopped construction. Greenbush merchants moved their businesses, buildings and all, to the new town known as "West Greenbush." They did this by rolling the buildings along logs, with horses tied up to posts and walking beside them. Businesses remained open during the moving days.[3]

A few years later, the rail line to Warroad was completed and ran directly through the old town site.

Greenbush officially became a registered city in 1905, with a population of about 450 people. Volunteers travelled to Crookston, Minnesota on foot to deliver the official documents, a journey of about 85 miles (137 km) one way.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.5 square miles (3.8 km²), all of it land.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 784 people, 317 households, and 194 families residing in the city. The population density was 534.6 people per square mile (205.9/km²). There were 348 housing units at an average density of 237.3/sq mi (91.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.98% White, 0.38% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.13% Asian, and 0.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.13% of the population.

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