Grenadine is traditionally a red syrup. It is used as an ingredient in cocktails, both for its flavor and to give a reddish/pink tinge to mixed drinks. "Grenadines" are also made by mixing the syrup with cold water in a glass or pitcher, sometimes with ice.
The name "grenadine" comes from the French word grenade which means pomegranate. Grenadine was originally prepared from pomegranate juice or cherry juice, and sugar. However, "grenadine" is also a common name applied to syrups and beverages consisting of other fruit juices (e.g. raspberry, redcurrant, blackberry) and sugar syrup. The characteristic flavor can be obtained from a mixture of blackcurrant juice and other fruit juices with the blackcurrant flavour dominating.
Grenadine was also part of the original non-alcoholic ingredient of the Sea Breeze cocktail along with gin when it was first introduced by Jack Bender in the 1920s. Eventually, the gin and grenadine was replaced by vodka, although the fruit drink of grapefruit juice and cranberry juice remained a part of the drink. It is unknown when the vodka began replacing the gin and grenadine.
The food industry, however, has widely replaced grenadine fruit bases with artificial ingredients. The Mott's brand "Rose's", by far the most common grenadine brand in the United States, is now formulated entirely out of a high-fructose corn syrup base.
Grenadine can be created by simmering pomegranate juice for 15 minutes on the stove, then adding superfine sugar. Grenadine can also be quickly prepared "cold" by adding superfine sugar to cold pomegranate juice, then shaking vigorously for a few minutes.
Grenadine syrup is commonly used to mix "cherry" Coca-Colas (also called Grenadinis or Roy Rogers cocktails), pink lemonade, Shirley Temple cocktails, Tequila Sunrises, Cherry Bombs (Bailey's, Kahlua and Grenadine) and flavor-soaked cherries, making them bright red. These are in turn often used in fruitcakes. It can also be added to a Mimosa to give it a red and orange color. Grenadine can also be combined with beer, as seen being ordered by Mary Coombs as early as 1974 in the movie Dirty Mary, Crazy Larry, forming what has been coined "grena-beer" or more recently "Christmas beer". In North America a combination of beer and grenadine is commonly known as a 'Queen Mary.' A bière grenadine or Monaco, as the combination is known in the French-speaking precincts there, has been popular in Europe for many decades, since at least the Second World War, and perhaps earlier; specifically, a mix of blonde ale and grenadine is called a "Tango", and a mix of beer and lemonade (basically, a shandy or a "panaché") with grenadine is a "Monaco". The name is also applied to alcoholic cordials, such as that made by J. R. Phillips "originally distilled from Devon herbs and spices".
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