Guthrie, Oklahoma

related topics
{city, large, area}
{household, population, female}
{build, building, house}
{city, population, household}
{area, part, region}
{land, century, early}
{day, year, event}
{government, party, election}
{war, force, army}
{rate, high, increase}
{county, mile, population}
{town, population, incorporate}

Guthrie is a city in and the county seat of Logan County, Oklahoma, United States, and a part of the Oklahoma City Metroplex. The population was 9,925 at the 2000 census.

Guthrie was the territorial and later the first state capital for Oklahoma. Guthrie is nationally significant because of its outstanding collection of late nineteenth and early twentieth-century commercial architecture. The Guthrie Historic District has been designated a National Historic Landmark.

Victorian architecture provides a unique backdrop for Wild West and territorial-style entertainment, carriage tours, replica trolley cars, specialty shops, and art galleries. The Masonic Temple is the world's largest conservatory.

Contents

History

Guthrie originated in 1887 as a railroad station called Deer Creek on the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway from the Kansas-Oklahoma border to Purcell. The name was later changed to Guthrie, named for jurist John Guthrie of Topeka, Kansas. A post office was established on April 4, 1889.[3] At noon on April 22, 1889, cannons resounded at a 2-million acre (8,000 kmĀ²) section of Indian Territory, launching president Benjamin Harrison's "Hoss Race" or Land Run of 1889. During the next six hours, about 10,000 people settled in what became the capital of the new Territory of Oklahoma. Within months, Guthrie became a modern brick and stone "Queen of the Prairie" with municipal water, electricity, a mass transit system, and underground parking garages for horses and carriages. Hobart Johnstone Whitley, also known as HJ and the Father of Hollywood, was the first president of the Guthrie Chamber of Commerce. Whitley built the first brick block building in the territory for his National Loan & Trust Company. He was asked by the local people to be the first Governor of Oklahoma. Whitley traveled to Washington, D.C. where he persuaded the U.S. Congress to allow Guthrie to be the new capital of the state of Oklahoma. By 1907, when Guthrie became the capital, it looked like a well established Eastern city.

Full article ▸

related documents
Richmond, Indiana
Dover, Delaware
Santa Ana, California
Morehead City, North Carolina
Hatfield, Hertfordshire
Camden Town
Saugatuck, Michigan
Vitoria, Spain
Vaduz
Stratford, London
Bexhill-on-Sea
Barnes, London
Darling Harbour, New South Wales
Guggenheim Museum Bilbao
Enschede
Chatham, Medway
Bristol Parkway railway station
Addiscombe
Downpatrick
Hayes, Hillingdon
Teddington
Middelburg
Kilburn, London
London Borough of Southwark
Niagara Falls, New York
Doesburg
Kensington
Port Moresby
Balham, London
Transport in Malta