Hanover, Illinois

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Hanover is a village in Jo Daviess County, Illinois, along the Apple River. The population was 836 at the 2000 census.



Hanover is located at 42°15′22″N 90°16′50″W / 42.25611°N 90.28056°W / 42.25611; -90.28056 (42.256058, -90.280674)[2].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.5 km²), all of it land.Hanover, Illinois, is located in Jo Daviess County in the northwest corner of Illinois, within five miles of the Mississippi River. State Highway 84, part of the scenic Great River Road, runs through the center of town. The Apple River, a tributary to the Mississippi, winds through and around Hanover.


The present site of Hanover was a Sac and Fox Indian village when white settlers came to farm the area in 1828. A natural drop in the Apple River made the location ideal as a dam and mill site, the first of which was built in 1829 by James Craig. The settlement was initially known as "Craigsville," but in 1838 Craig laid out and platted the streets in the village and renamed the community Wapello after the chief of the Indian village.

In 1849 the name was again changed, this time to Hanover. The village became incorporated in 1877. In 1863 the Hanover Woolen Mill was started, and in 1929 the organization built the large building now standing beside Crescent Falls Dam. The woolen mill operated until 1949. In 1965 the building was reopened as the Valves and Control Plant Number Two, by the Dole Valve Company, Eaton Corporation. It is currently run by Invensys, Hanover's largest employer.

In 1917, about 13,000 acres (50 km2) of land outside of Hanover were bought for the development of the Savanna Proving Grounds, later known as the Savanna Army Depot. Hanover is known as the "Mallard Capital of the World". Whistling Wings, the world's largest mallard duck hatchery, annually supplies hundreds of thousands of ducks to restaurants, wildlife refuges and research facilities all over the world.


As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 441 housing units at an average density of 744.4/sq mi (288.6/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 97.01% White, 1.24% African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.72% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.20% of the population.

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