Hashish

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Hashish (pronounced /hæˈʃiːʃ/ or /ˈhæʃiːʃ/) (from Arabic: حشيش ḥashīsh, lit. "grass", from hashisha "dry weed"; also hash) is a preparation of cannabis composed of the compressed stalked resin glands called trichomes, collected from the cannabis plant. It contains the same active ingredients but in higher concentrations than unsifted buds or leaves. Hashish is often a paste-like substance with varying hardness and pliability. Its color is most commonly light to dark brown, but can vary toward green, yellow, black, or red.

The psychoactive effects of hashish are simlar to those of other cannabis preparations.

Hashish is heated in a screened miniature smoking pipe (one-hitter, kiseru, midwakh, sebsi, narrow chillum etc.), hookah, bong bubbler, vaporizer, hot knife, smoked in joints mixed with cannabis buds, tobacco or other aromatic herbs,[1] or cooked in foods.

Contents

History

It is believed that hashish originated in West Asia, where the cannabis plant was widely available. Northern Pakistan has a long social tradition in the production of hashish, known locally as Charas, which is believed to be the same plant resin burned in the ceremonial "booz rooz" of ancient Persia.[2] Cannabis sativa subsp. indica grows wild almost everywhere in the Indian sub-continent and special strains have been particularly cultivated for production of 'ganja' and 'hashish' particularly in West Bengal, Rajasthan and the Himalayas.[citation needed] The earliest hashish was created by gently rubbing palms and fingers on cannabis buds for hours to accumulate resin, which would then be scraped off the hand.

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