Henderson, Kentucky

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Henderson is a city in Henderson County, Kentucky, United States, along the Ohio River in the western part of the state. The population was 27,373 at the 2000 census. A 2009 population estimate puts the city at 27,952. It is part of the Evansville Metropolitan Area often referred to as "Kentuckiana", although "Tri-State Area" or "Tri-State" are more commonly used by the local media. The city was named after Colonel Richard Henderson, by Gen. Samuel Hopkins and Thomas Allin.

The city has been called home by ornithologist, naturalist, and painter John James Audubon as well as blues legend W.C. Handy. For more than 100 years the city has been home to the Southern Cherokee Nation.[1]



Henderson has its roots in a small, block-wide strip of land high above the Ohio River, currently the site of Audubon Mill Park (directly south of the city's riverfront boat dock). A frontier village on this site was called "Red Banks" by the native Americans Cherokee who originally lived and hunted there, because of the reddish clay soil on the tall banks of the river. In the early and mid 1790's, Red Banks featured a tavern and was home to several white settlers, and the Southern Cherokee Nation.

Henderson's roots lie in a scheme by a North Carolina judge, Colonel Richard Henderson, and a group of investors who sought to buy much of modern-day Kentucky and Tennessee from 1,200 Cherokee Indians gathered at Sycamore Shoals (located at present day Elizabethton, Tennessee) and later resell these frontier lands to settlers.

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