Henderson County, North Carolina

related topics
{county, mile, population}
{area, community, home}
{household, population, female}
{island, water, area}
{country, population, people}
{city, large, area}
{land, century, early}
{food, make, wine}
{area, part, region}
{township, household, population}
{rate, high, increase}
{town, population, incorporate}
{car, race, vehicle}
{work, book, publish}

Henderson County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. It is part of the Asheville, North Carolina, Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of 2008, the population was 102,367. Its county seat is Hendersonville[1].

Contents

History

The county was formed in 1838 from the southern part of Buncombe County. It was named for Leonard Henderson, Chief Justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court from 1829 to 1833.

In 1855 parts of Henderson County and Rutherford County were combined to form Polk County, and in 1861 parts of Henderson County and Jackson County were combined to form Transylvania County.

Henderson County, which in 1861 encompassed present-day Transylvania County as well, contributed 1,296 soldiers to the Confederate States Army out of its approximately 10,000 population, as well as 130 Union troops. (Figures from Terrell T. Garren's "Mountain Myth: Unionism in Western North Carolina, published 2006).

Henderson County government was centered around Hendersonville in the 1905 county courthouse on Main Street, until this structure was replaced by the new Courthouse (c. 1995) on Grove Street in Hendersonville.

The first rail line reached Hendersonville in 1879, ushering in a new era of access to the outside world. However, parts of the county had long been known as retreats, including the "Little Charleston" of Flat Rock, in which South Carolina's Low Country planter families had maintained second homes since the early 19th century.

A major land boom ensued in the 1920s, culminating in the crash of 1929, which severely deflated prices and left structures such as the Fleetwood Hotel atop Jumpoff Mountain incomplete. Population growth in the county has been rapid since the 1960s as a result of an influx from the North, with extensive housing developments now occupying areas that were formerly largely rural.

Full article ▸

related documents
Ocean County, New Jersey
Hamilton County, Indiana
Washington County, Oregon
Rabun County, Georgia
Cabarrus County, North Carolina
Imperial County, California
Howard County, Maryland
Orange County, New York
Whitley County, Kentucky
Saratoga County, New York
Cumberland County, Maine
Camden County, New Jersey
Saline County, Illinois
Grafton County, New Hampshire
Bannock County, Idaho
Salem County, New Jersey
Haywood County, North Carolina
Linn County, Iowa
Coahoma County, Mississippi
Somerset County, New Jersey
Custer County, Colorado
Mercer County, Kentucky
Jefferson County, Colorado
Sherman County, Kansas
Madison County, Idaho
Gloucester County, New Jersey
Sumner County, Kansas
Neosho County, Kansas
Osborne County, Kansas
Marion County, Kansas