Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley

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Henry Stuart, 1st Duke of Albany (7 December 1545 – 10 February 1567), styled Lord Darnley before 1565, was king consort of Scotland and murdered at Kirk o'Field.

As Queen Elizabeth I of England resented the fact that one of her (former) subjects had been promoted in this manner and refused to recognize his Scots titles, many of the contemporary narratives describing his life and death (those written by English agents) refer to him as Lord Darnley, his title as heir apparent to the Earldom of Lennox, and it is by this appellation that he is now generally known.[1]

He was the first cousin and second husband of Mary, Queen of Scots, and the father of her son King James VI, who succeeded Queen Elizabeth I as King James I of England. Darnley's descendants included the Stuart monarchs as well as the illegitimate daughter of James VII, Catherine Darnley (the wife of John Sheffield, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby).


Early life

Darnley was born in 1545, at Temple Newsam, Leeds, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England, the son of the 4th Earl of Lennox, and his wife, Margaret Douglas. His father lived in exile in England for 22 years, returning to Scotland in 1564.[2] His tutors included the Protestant Scottish scholar, John Elder. Elder had been an advocate of Anglo-Scottish union by the marriage of Mary, Queen of Scots to Prince Edward, and gave his opinions to Henry VIII as the Advice of a Redshank in 1543.[3] Another of his schoolmasters, Arthur Lallart, was interrogated in London after going to Scotland in 1562.[4]

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