Henry VII of England

related topics
{son, year, death}
{war, force, army}
{law, state, case}
{government, party, election}
{black, white, people}
{mi², represent, 1st}

Henry VII (Welsh: Harri Tudor; 28 January 1457 – 21 April 1509) was King of England and Lord of Ireland from his seizing the crown on 22 August 1485 until his death on 21 April 1509, as the first monarch of the House of Tudor.

Henry won the throne when he defeated Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field. He was the last king of England to win his throne on the field of battle. He was successful in restoring the power and stability of the English monarchy after the political upheavals of the Wars of the Roses. He founded a long-lasting dynasty and was peacefully succeeded by his son, Henry VIII, after a reign of 23 years.

Although Henry can be credited with the restoration of political stability in England, and a number of commendable administrative, economic and diplomatic initiatives, the latter part of his reign was characterised by a financial rapacity which stretched the bounds of legality. According to the contemporary historian Polydore Vergil, simple "greed" in large part underscored the means by which royal control was over-asserted in Henry's final years.[1]

Contents

Ancestry and early life

Henry VII was born at Pembroke Castle in the west of Wales on 28 January 1457. His father was Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond and his mother was Lady Margaret Beaufort.

Henry's paternal grandfather, Owen Tudor, originally from the Isle of Anglesey in Wales, had been a page in the court of Henry V. He rose to become one of the "Squires to the Body to the King" after military service at Agincourt.[2] Owen is said to have secretly married the widow of Henry V, Catherine of Valois. One of their sons was Edmund Tudor, father of Henry VII. Edmund was created Earl of Richmond in 1452, and "formally declared legitimate by Parliament".[3]

Full article ▸

related documents
Ludwig II of Bavaria
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
Vanity Fair
Elizabeth Woodville
Robert Burns
Prince William of Wales
John Donne
Mary of Teck
George Fox
Grace O'Malley
Henry IV of England
Caligula
Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford
Joseph Conrad
Robert Louis Stevenson
Charles X of France
Emperor of Japan
Constantijn Huygens
Hadrian
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Juliana of the Netherlands
List of science fiction authors
Vincent van Gogh
Alexander Pope
Walter Raleigh
Gustav III of Sweden
Morganatic marriage
Unity Mitford
Fyodor Dostoevsky
Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor