High Ridge, Missouri

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High Ridge is a census-designated place (CDP) in Jefferson County, Missouri, United States. The population was 4,598 in the 2007 estimated census.[1] It was 4,236 at the 2000 census. At 927 feet (283 m) above sea level, High Ridge is the second highest point in Jefferson County, second only to Sun Ridge, north of Hillsboro according to data from the House Springs/Hillsboro 7.5 minute topographic quadrangles. It is also home to Olympic triathlete Sarah Haskins, who competed in the 2008 Olympics in Beijing, China. High Ridge also houses Beaumont Scout Reservation, a property of the Greater St. Louis Area Council, Boy Scouts of America.

Contents

Geography

High Ridge is located at 38°27′57″N 90°31′39″W / 38.46583°N 90.5275°W / 38.46583; -90.5275 (38.465787, -90.527517)[4]. High Ridge is a nine-armed local topographic high capped with the Bushberg Sandstone, and part of the Burlington Escarpment. High point of the ridge is located near the Senior Center just north of High Ridge Boulevard, (old Gravois/Missouri Highway 30.) Flowing off this topographic high are Antire Creek, Rock Creek, Williams Creek, Saline Creek, Sugar Creek, Romaine Creek and lesser streams. It is bounded on one side by the Big River and the other by the Meramec River. The ridge is very cherty, and poor for conventional farming, hence the area became known for fruit trees, strawberries, blackberries and truck farm produce which were sold in St. Louis.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.0 square miles (10.3 km²), all of it land.

History

High Ridge was first used by humans approximately 10,000 years ago as a source for flint and chert, which it has in copious abundance, due to the exposures of the Burlington formation, which is approximately 10-30% composed of this rock. Evidence of flint quarries remains at nearby Crescent, just off the Antire arm of the ridge. In more recent times it appears to have been used largely as a hunting, not residential area. A Clovis point arrowhead was found in 1978 along the Saline arm of the ridge, where it slopes to the Meramec Valley on the northeast.(Cf:newspaper morgue: Meramec Community Press.)

White settlement in the region commenced in the 1790s at Fenton, and 1801 at House Springs to the southwest, but the first settlement of record on the ridge was by Thomas Maddox, who died and was buried along High Ridge Blvd, in 1848. The first post office was established in 1856. In 1860 the post office name was changed to Tallow Hill; it reverted to High Ridge in 1861. The settlement boasted a store, saloon and boarding house almost from the beginning--its location one day's wagon ride from Affton and two day's ride from downtown St. Louis made it a convenient evening stopover. Settlers were primarily northern European Americans: principally Germans, English and Irish. (cf: Along Old Gravois by Della Lang and the community library association, 120 pp. 1983.)

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