History of Sardinia

related topics
{land, century, early}
{war, force, army}
{island, water, area}
{church, century, christian}
{country, population, people}
{area, part, region}
{city, large, area}
{language, word, form}
{@card@, make, design}
{government, party, election}
{rate, high, increase}

Archaeological evidence of prehistoric human settlement on Sardinia island is present in the form of the nuraghe which dot the land. Sardinia enters recorded history, however, through its contacts with the various people who sought to dominate western Mediterranean trade in Classical Antiquity: the Egyptians, Phoenicians, and Romans. Initially under the political and economic alliance with the Phoenician cities, it was colonised and then conquered by Rome during the First Punic War (238 BC) but strong Punic cultural influences remained until the 1st century AD.

In the Early Middle Ages, through barbarian movements and the waning of Roman (by this time Byzantine) authority, the island fell out of the sphere of influence of any higher government. Saracen raids provided an impetus for the creation of independent[citation needed], quasi-royal giudicati in the 8th through 10th centuries. Falling under papal influence, Sardinia becomes the focus of the rivalry of Genoa and Pisa and finally of the local population and the Crown of Aragon, which subsumed the island as the Kingdom of Sardinia in (1324), which was to last until 1720 when it was acquired by the House of Savoy, which later, in 1861, became the Kingdom of Italy and finally the Republic of Italy.

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