Hof van Twente

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{land, century, early}
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{line, north, south}
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{village, small, smallsup}

Hof van Twente (About this sound pronunciation ) is a municipality in the eastern Netherlands, province Overijssel. The municipality came into being on January 1, 2001 as the result of the merger of the municipalities of Diepenheim, Goor, Markelo, Ambt Delden, and Stad Delden.

Contents

Population centres

The more important places are printed in bold types.

  • Achterhoek near Markelo
  • Azelo
  • Bentelo (pop. about 1,500)
  • Delden (pop. about 7,100)
  • Deldenerbroek
  • Deldeneresch
  • Diepenheim (pop. about 2,700)
  • Dijkerhoek
  • Elsen and Elsenerbroek, near Markelo
  • Goor, where the town hall is (pop. about 12,250)
  • Hengevelde (pop. about 2,100)
  • Herike near Markelo
  • Markelo (pop. about 7,600)
  • Markelosebroek
  • Markvelde
  • Pothoek, and Stokkum, near Markelo
  • Stokkumerbroek near Markelo
  • Wiene
  • Zeldam.

History

Goor (Dutch for: low, swampy land) achieved city rights in 1263. An important city, however, it never became. The "Drost" ( a kind of mayor) of the Twente region, who ruled this area in behalf of the bishop of Utrecht, had in the late Middle Ages his residence in Goor. In its surroundings some castles were built, among them the house of the important Heeckeren family in 1412. Goor had a small harbour along the river Regge ( which flows to the Vecht near Ommen) , but when the Twente canal was opened in 1936, a new industrial port was built there. The factory Eternit, that produces building materials containing asbestos, brought Goor unwillingly into trouble. For decades, everyone in Goor was permitted to use production refuse containing asbestos in order to pave their own paths and roads. Not earlier than about 1990, it was known in Goor that especially small particles of this material can cause cancer. In major parts of the city the soil has to be removed and either cleaned or replaced by non-polluted material.

Delden achieved its city rights in 1333. Its circle-shaped centre was surrounded by earthen walls. It came into existence thanks to the Twickel castle, situated less than one mile north of delden. This castle, that in its present form dates from the 17th century, is still inhabited by a German noble family ( Zu Castell - Rüdenhausen). In 1886, near this castle salt was discovered under the ground. This led to the exploration of this material, still going on in the nearby city of Hengelo.

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