Holland

related topics
{country, population, people}
{area, part, region}
{island, water, area}
{language, word, form}
{land, century, early}
{theory, work, human}
{city, large, area}
{war, force, army}
{@card@, make, design}
{government, party, election}
{church, century, christian}
{county, mile, population}
{village, small, smallsup}

Holland

North and South Holland shown together within the Netherlands

Holland is a name in common usage given to a region in the western part of the Netherlands. The term Holland is frequently used to refer to the whole of the Netherlands. This usage is generally accepted but nevertheless unofficial.[1]

From the 10th century to the 16th century, Holland proper was a unified political region, a county ruled by the Count of Holland. By the 17th century, Holland had risen to become a maritime and economic power, dominating the other provinces of the Dutch Republic.

Today, the former County of Holland consists of the two Dutch provinces of North Holland and South Holland, which together include the Netherlands' three largest cities: country capital Amsterdam; seat of government, The Hague; and Rotterdam, home of Europe's largest port.

Contents

Etymology

Pliny the Elder (AD 23–79) referred to this region as the land between the Helinium and Flevo ("inter Helinium ac Flevum"), the names of the mouths into which the Rhine divided itself, the first discharging its waters in the Mosa in the neighbourhood of Brielle and the second into "the lakes of the north" (present IJsselmeer).[2] The name Holland first appeared in sources in AD 866 for the region around Haarlem, and by 1064 was being used as the name of the entire county. By this time, the inhabitants of Holland were referring to themselves as "Hollanders".[3] Holland is derived from the Middle Dutch term holtland ("wooded land"). This spelling variation remained in use until around the 14th century, at which time the name stabilised as Holland (alternative spellings at the time were Hollant and Hollandt). Popular, but incorrect, etymology[citation needed] holds that Holland is derived from hol land ("hollow land") and was inspired by the low-lying geography of Holland.

Full article ▸

related documents
Fujian
Middle East
Kurdistan
Chhattisgarh
Dalmatia
Scottish Highlands
Greenland
Gaeltacht
North America
Eastern Europe
China proper
Shanxi
Papua (Indonesian province)
Sakha Republic
Majorca
Swedish ethnic group
Montserrat
Turks and Caicos Islands
Gansu
Réunion
Extremadura
Sardinia
Timor
Region
Tocantins (state)
Linguistic geography of Switzerland
Chiapas
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Hebei
Tahiti