Honesdale, Pennsylvania

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Honesdale is a borough in and the county seat of Wayne County, Pennsylvania, United States.[1] It is located 32 miles (52 km) northeast of Scranton. The population was 4,874 at the 2000 census.

Honesdale is located in a rural area that provides many recreational opportunities including: boating, fishing, hiking, hunting, skiing, biking and rafting. Located in a coal mining region, during the 19th century it was the starting point of the Delaware and Hudson Canal, which provided for transport of coal to Kingston, New York and then down the Hudson River to New York City. In the 19th century the expansion of railroads eventually superseded regular use of the canal.

Contents

History

Honesdale, Pennsylvania, was named in honor of Philip Hone, who was a former Mayor of New York and president of the Delaware and Hudson Canal Company. Honesdale, which was originally known as Dyberry Forks, was laid out in 1826 and incorporated in 1831.

Birthplace of American railroading

Honesdale is home of the first commercial steam locomotive to run on rails in the United States, the Stourbridge Lion. On August 8, 1829, the Stourbridge Lion started in Honesdale, ran three miles to Seelyville, and then returned.

The Stourbridge Lion was owned by the Delaware and Hudson Canal Company (D&H). D&H transported anthracite coal from mines near Carbondale to the New York City market, via Honesdale and Kingston, New York. Coal was moved by rail from the mines to Honesdale, where it was transferred to barges and transported via a 108-mile canal to Kingston, from where it was shipped by river barges down the Hudson River to New York City. Before steam locomotives were used, D&H moved the coal from the mines to Honesdale via a gravity railroad.

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