Huron, California

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Coordinates: 36°12′10″N 120°06′11″W / 36.20278°N 120.10306°W / 36.20278; -120.10306

Huron is a small city in Fresno County, California, in the United States. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 6,306. During the harvest season, the population swells to over 15,000 people due to the influx of migrant farm workers. Huron is located 15 miles (24 km) east-northeast of Coalinga,[1] at an elevation of 374 feet (114 m).[2] Huron is the city with highest proportion of Hispanic or Latino in the United States; according to the 2000 United States Census.

Contents

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.3 square miles (3.5 km²), all of it land.

History

The community of Huron was founded in 1888 as a water stop along the Union Pacific Railroad’s western route, approximately 15 miles northeast of Coalinga. One of the first structures in the community was the Huron Post Office which operated from 1877 to 1883 and then from 1886 to the present. Huron became a boomtown in the early 20th century and has grown steadily ever since.

Historical significance

Joseph Mouren and his family were largely responsible for the expansion of the community of Huron in the late 19th century and fueled the city's growth into the 20th century by investment. Mouren Drive was named after Joseph Mouren, who is considered by many to be one of the city's founding fathers. In the early 20th century, Huron became one of the largest producers of wool in the nation.

Demographics

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 7,836 people, 1,378 households, and 1,208 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,704.4 people per square mile (1,817.0/km²). There were 1,414 housing units at an average density of 1,054.9/sq mi (407.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 20.36% White, 0.32% Black or African American, 0.98% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 74.77% from other races, and 3.04% from two or more races. 98.6% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

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