Independence, California

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Independence (formerly, Putnam's,[2] Little Pine,[2] and Putnams[1]) is a census-designated place and the county seat of Inyo County, California. Independence is located 40 miles (64 km) south-southeast of Bishop,[2] at an elevation of 3930 feet (1198 m).[1] The population was 574 at the 2000 census.

Contents

Geography

It is on U.S. Route 395, the main north-south artery through the Owens Valley, connecting the Inland Empire to Reno, Nevada. US 395 also connects Independence to Los Angeles via State Route 14 through Palmdale.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.0 square miles (10.4 km²), all of it land.

The elevation of Independence is 3,925 feet (1,196 m) above sea level.

Climate

Independence, as well as most of the Owens Valley, has a high desert climate with hot summers and cold winters. January temperatures range from an average high of 54.0°F to an average low of 27.4°F. July temperatures range from an average high of 97.6°F to an average low of 63.9F°. The highest recorded temperature was 114 °F (46 °C) on July 7, 1989. The lowest recorded temperature was −5 °F (−21 °C) on January 9, 1937. There are an average of 97.7 days annually with highs of 90F° (32°C) or higher and an average of 88.1 days with lows of 32°F (0°C) or lower. Annual precipitation averages only 5.82 inches. The most precipitation in one month was 23.90 inches in February 1904. The most precipitation in 24 hours was 5.72 inches on December 6, 1966. Snowfall varies greatly from year to year, averaging only 5.2 inches. The most snow in one month was 112.0 inches in February 1904.[3]

History

Charles Putnam founded a trading post at the site in 1861.[2] It became known as Putnam's, and later Little Pine from the Little Pine Creek.[2]

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