J.E.B. Stuart

related topics
{war, force, army}
{son, year, death}
{service, military, aircraft}
{film, series, show}
{@card@, make, design}
{day, year, event}
{school, student, university}
{work, book, publish}
{god, call, give}
{land, century, early}
{black, white, people}
{company, market, business}
{album, band, music}
{mi², represent, 1st}
{line, north, south}
{math, number, function}
{town, population, incorporate}

Bleeding Kansas
American Civil War

James Ewell Brown "Jeb" Stuart (February 6, 1833 – May 12, 1864) was a U.S. Army officer from Virginia and a Confederate States Army general during the American Civil War. He was known to his friends as "Jeb", from the initials of his given names. Stuart was a cavalry commander known for his mastery of reconnaissance and the use of cavalry in support of offensive operations. While he cultivated a cavalier image (red-lined gray cape, yellow sash, hat cocked to the side with a ostrich plume, red flower in his lapel, often sporting cologne), his serious work made him the trusted eyes and ears of Robert E. Lee's army and inspired Southern morale.

Stuart graduated from West Point in 1854 and served in Texas and Kansas with the U.S. Army, a veteran of the frontier conflicts with Native Americans and the violence of Bleeding Kansas. He participated in the capture of John Brown at Harpers Ferry. Resigning when his home state of Virginia seceded, he served first under Stonewall Jackson in the Shenandoah Valley, but then in increasingly important cavalry commands of the Army of Northern Virginia, playing a role in all of that army's campaigns until his death. He established a reputation as an audacious cavalry commander and on two occasions (during the Peninsula Campaign and the Maryland Campaign) circumnavigated the Union Army of the Potomac, bringing fame to himself and embarrassment to the North. At the Battle of Chancellorsville, he distinguished himself as a temporary commander of the wounded Stonewall Jackson's infantry corps.

Arguably Stuart's most famous campaign, Gettysburg was marred when he was surprised by a Union cavalry attack at the Battle of Brandy Station and by his separation from Lee's army for an extended period, leaving Lee unaware of Union troop movements and arguably contributing to the Confederate defeat at the Battle of Gettysburg. Stuart received significant criticism from the Southern press as well as the postbellum proponents of the Lost Cause movement, but historians have failed to agree on whether Stuart's exploit was entirely the fault of his judgment or simply bad luck and Lee's less-than-explicit orders.

Full article ▸

related documents
George Pickett
Germanicus
Third Anglo-Dutch War
Constantine III (western emperor)
Stilicho
Marcus Licinius Crassus
Henry Rich, 1st Earl of Holland
War of the Polish Succession
Durrani Empire
Jogaila
Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden
Toussaint Louverture
John Monash
Heraclius
Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis
Wilhelm Canaris
Tokugawa Ieyasu
Trajan
Threads
William Westmoreland
Penda of Mercia
Boston Massacre
Albigensian Crusade
Michiel de Ruyter
Chiang Kai-shek
Abd ar-Rahman I
Battle of Route Coloniale 4
Battle of Naissus
Abd al-Malik
Kwantung Army