Jackson County, Tennessee

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Jackson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of 2000, the population was 10,984. The 2005 Census Estimate placed the population at 11,072.[1] Its county seat is Gainesboro[2].

Jackson is part of the Cookeville, Tennessee, Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 320 square miles (828.8 km2), of which 309 square miles (800.3 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28.5 km2) (3.34%) is water.

Adjacent counties

History

Jackson County was created by an act of the Tennessee General Assembly on November 6, 1801. It was the eighteenth county established in the state. It was formed from part of Smith County plus Indian lands. The county name honors Andrew Jackson (1767–1845), U.S. congressman and senator, Tennessee Supreme Court judge, troop commander at the Battle of New Orleans, and the seventh President of the United States.

In the 1790s, a federal outpost known as Fort Blount was built about 10 miles (16 km) west of Gainesboro along the Cumberland River, in what is now the western part of the county. The fort served as an important stopover for travellers along Avery's Trace. Between 1807 and 1819, Williamsburg, a community that developed on the site of the fort, served as the seat of Jackson County.[3]

Early historical records of the county were destroyed by a courthouse fire on August 14, 1872.[4]

Demographics

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 10,984 people, 4,466 households, and 3,139 families residing in the county. The population density was 36 people per square mile (14/km²). There were 5,163 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.63% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. 0.81% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

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