Jefferson, North Carolina

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Jefferson is a town in Ashe County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 1,422 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Ashe County[3].



The North Carolina General Assembly created a special commission in 1799 to create a county seat for Ashe County. The commission purchased 50 acres (200,000 m2) of land to form the Town of Jeffersonton, later named Jefferson. It is one of the first towns in the nation to bear the name of Thomas Jefferson, who was the Vice President of the United States in 1799.[4]


Jefferson is located at 36°25′12″N 81°28′08″W / 36.419922°N 81.468899°W / 36.419922; -81.468899.[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.9 square miles (5.0 km2), all of it land. The ancient New River (Kanawha River), one of the oldest and most scenic rivers in the eastern United States, flows through the town.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,422 people, 582 households, and 334 families residing in the town. The population density was 738.2 people per square mile (284.5/km2). There were 617 housing units at an average density of 320.3/sq mi (123.4/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.43% White, 1.41% African American, 0.35% Asian, 2.53% from other races, and 0.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.73% of the population.

There were 582 households out of which 19.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.2% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.6% were non-families. 39.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.02 and the average family size was 2.66.

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