Jefferson Township, New Jersey

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Jefferson Township is the northern-most township in Morris County, New Jersey, United States. As of the United States 2000 Census, the township population was 19,717.

Jefferson Township was formed as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 11, 1804, from portions of Pequannock Township and Roxbury Township.[7] The township was named after Thomas Jefferson, the President of the United States at the time the Township was created.



According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 43.0 square miles (111.5 km²), of which, 40.6 square miles (105.2 km²) of it is land and 2.4 square miles (6.2 km²) of it (5.60%) is water.

The township can be divided into two halves, Milton and Lake Hopatcong. Each half has its own first-aid squad, fire department substation, and set of elementary schools. Addresses in the Milton section of the township are classified under the Oak Ridge mailing city, which is shared with a portion of West Milford Township, or in the Newfoundland mailing city, shared with a portion of West Milford and Rockaway Township. Addresses in Lake Hopatcong use either Lake Hopatcong (not to be confused with the Hopatcong mailing city used in the Borough of Hopatcong) or Wharton as their mailing city. The Jefferson Township Municipal Building, Middle School, High School, Recycling Center, and school bus depot are positioned at the boundary between the two halves of the township.

Lake Swannanoa is an unincorporated area located within the Milton portion of Jefferson Township.


As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 19,717 people, 7,131 households, and 5,448 families residing in the township. The population density was 485.3 people per square mile (187.4/km²). There were 7,527 housing units at an average density of 185.2/sq mi (71.5/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 96.14% White, 0.83% African American, 0.16% Native American, 1.07% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.62% from other races, and 1.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.41% of the population. 23.5% were of Italian, 16.0% Irish, 14.5% German, 8.1% Polish and 8.0% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

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