Jervis Bay Territory

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The Jervis Bay Territory is a territory of the Commonwealth of Australia. It was surrendered by the state of New South Wales to the Commonwealth Government in 1915[1][2] so that the Federal capital at Canberra would have access to the sea.[3] It was administered by the Department of the Interior and later, the Department of the Capital Territory as if it were part of the Australian Capital Territory (ACT), although it was always a separate Commonwealth territory. The perception that it is part of the ACT arises from the fact that under the terms of the Jervis Bay Territory Acceptance Act, the laws of the ACT apply to the Jervis Bay Territory.[4] In 1989, when the ACT achieved self government, the Department of The Arts, Sport, The Environment, Tourism and Territories took over responsibility for the JBT's administration, and it has since been administered by various Commonwealth Departments responsible to the Minister for Territories. It is currently administered by the Attorney General's Department. However, it is counted as part of the ACT for the purpose of the ACT's representation in the Senate; and it forms part of the Division of Fraser for House of Representatives purposes.

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Etymology

Jervis Bay is named after the British Admiral John Jervis, 1st Earl of St Vincent. Jervis was believed to have pronounced his name /ˈɑrvɪs/, and the pronunciation used in most parts of Australia is [ˈdʒaːvəs], but most residents of Jervis Bay pronounce it [ˈdʒɜːvəs].[5]

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