Johannesburg, California

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Johannesburg is a census-designated place (CDP) in Kern County, California, in a mining district of the Rand Mountains. Johannesburg is located 1 mile (1.6 km) east-northeast of Randsburg,[2] at an elevation of 3517 feet (1072 m).[1] The terminus of the Randsburg Railway was here from 1897 to 1933. The population was 176 at the 2000 census. Johannesburg is divided from the neighboring community of Randsburg by a ridge. The town is frequently referred to as "Jo-burg" by locals and frequent visitors to the northwest Mojave.

Contents

History

Johannesburg was founded to support mining operation at Randsburg. In addition to providing rail access, the region's first wells were operated by companies located in Johannesburg. During the first half of the 20th Century, the Rand Mining District was the principal gold producing region of California. Activity centered around the Yellow Aster Mine, discovered in 1894. In 1919, the Rand Silver Mine was discovered east of town on Red Mountain. The Rand Mine produced more silver than any mine in California.

Johannesburg was named by miners who had previously worked in the gold-producing region of South Africa. Containing the city of Johannesburg, South Africa, this region is in the Witwatersrand, and is frequently referred to as "the Rand."

The first post office at Johannesburg opened in 1897.[2]

Geography

Johannesburg is located at 35°22′22″N 117°38′05″W / 35.37278°N 117.63472°W / 35.37278; -117.63472.[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 2.5 square miles (6.3 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 176 people, 85 households, and 45 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 72.0 people per square mile (27.7/km²). There were 133 housing units at an average density of 54.4/sq mi (21.0/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 91.48% White, 0.57% Black or African American, 1.14% Native American and 2.84% from other races, and 3.98% from two or more races. 5.68% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

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