Joint (cannabis)

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Joint is a slang term for a cigarette rolled using cannabis. Rolling papers are the most common rolling medium among industrialized countries, however brown paper, cigarettes with the tobacco removed, and Bible paper are commonly used throughout the developing world.[1] Modern papers are now commonly made from a wide variety of materials including rice, hemp, and flax.[2] One of the newest innovations in joint-rolling technology has been the introduction of transparent cellulose-based rolling papers.[3]

A joint can range widely in size,[4] typically containing between 250- and 750-mg. of cannabis.[5]

Contents

Variations

Though all joints by definition contain cannabis,[6] regional differences include the following:

  • In Europe and certain Commonwealth nations, joints, or "spliffs",[7] typically include a bit of cardboard or rolled business card in one end to serve as a mouthpiece. This is known as a crutch or "roach." In North America "roach" usually means the smoked-down butt of a joint.
  • In Europe, some Commonwealth nations and the Middle-East, joints or "spliffs" are rolled by mixing hashish with tobacco to get it to burn easier, a practice which can lead to nicotine addiction.[8] It is popular in some countries to roast the tobacco before mixing it with the cannabis, for example by heating a cigarette slowly with a lighter, then blowing air through the filter when it gets hot enough, in order to remove sugars, nicotine, etc. This leads to a more clean tasting tobacco.
  • Blunt: in North America, since the 1990s when the practice was promoted in the lyrics of rap songs by significantly named artists like Tupac and LL Cool J, a "blunt" is rolled using an empty cigar skin, from which the filler tobacco has been removed (but which also contains nicotine), to wrap cannabis in.

Etymology

The word "joint" ultimately originated from French, where it is an adjective meaning "joined" (past participle of the verb joindre), derived in turn from Latin iunctus, past participle of iugare ("join"/"bind"/"yoke").

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