Joseph Goebbels

related topics
{war, force, army}
{son, year, death}
{government, party, election}
{black, white, people}
{theory, work, human}
{film, series, show}
{group, member, jewish}
{city, large, area}
{work, book, publish}
{album, band, music}
{rate, high, increase}
{day, year, event}
{company, market, business}
{god, call, give}
{ship, engine, design}
{line, north, south}
{@card@, make, design}
{village, small, smallsup}
{town, population, incorporate}
{school, student, university}

Heinrich Himmler, one of the architects of the Holocaust, preferred that the matter not be discussed in public. Despite this, in an editorial in his newspaper "Das Reich" in November 1941 Goebbels quoted Hitler’s 1939 "prophecy" that the Jews would be the loser in the coming world war.[58] Now, he said, Hitler’s prophecy was coming true: "Jewry," he said, "is now suffering the gradual process of annihilation which it intended for us ... It now perishes according to its own precept of ‘an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth’!"[59]

In 1939, in a speech to the Reichstag, Hitler had said:

If international finance Jewry in and outside Europe should succeed in thrusting the nations once again into a world war, then the result will not be the Bolshevisation of the earth and with it the victory of Jewry, but the destruction of the Jewish race in Europe.[60]

The view of most historians is that the decision to proceed with the extermination of the Jews was taken at some point in late 1941, and Goebbels’ comments make it clear that he knew in general terms, if not in detail, what was planned.[61]

The decision in principle to deport the German and Austrian Jews to unspecified destinations "in the east" was made in September. Goebbels immediately pressed for the Berlin Jews to be deported first. He traveled to Hitler’s headquarters on the eastern front, meeting both Hitler and Reinhard Heydrich to lobby for his demands. He got the assurances he wanted: "The Führer is of the opinion," he wrote, "that the Jews eventually have to be removed from the whole of Germany. The first cities to be made Jew-free are Berlin, Vienna and Prague. Berlin is first in the queue, and I have the hope that we’ll succeed in the course of this year."[62]

Deportations of Berlin Jews to the Łódź ghetto began in October, but transport and other difficulties made the process much slower than Goebbels desired. His November article in Das Reich was part of his campaign to have the pace of deportation accelerated.

In December, he was present when Hitler addressed a meeting of Gauleiters and other senior Nazis, discussing among other things the "Jewish question." He wrote in his diary afterward:

With regard to the Jewish Question, the Führer is determined to make a clean sweep of it. He prophesied that, if they brought about another world war, they would experience their annihilation. That was no empty talk. The world war is here [this was the week Germany declared war on the United States]. The annihilation of Jewry must be the necessary consequence. The question is to be viewed without any sentimentality. We’re not there to have sympathy with the Jews, but only sympathy with our own German people. If the German people has again now sacrificed around 160,000 dead in the eastern campaign, the originators of this bloody conflict will have to pay for it with their lives.[63]

During 1942, Goebbels continued to press for the "final solution to the Jewish question" to be carried forward as quickly as possible now that Germany had occupied a huge swathe of Soviet territory into which all the Jews of German-controlled Europe could be deported. There they could be worked into extinction in accordance with the plan agreed on at the Wannsee Conference convened by Heydrich in January. It was a constant annoyance to Goebbels that, at a time when Germany was fighting for its life on the eastern front, there were still 40,000 Jews in Berlin.[64] They should be "carted off to Russia," he wrote in his diary. "It would be best to kill them altogether."[65] Once again, there is no doubt that Goebbels knew what would happen to the Jews who were to be "carted off." Although the Propaganda Ministry was not invited to the Wannsee Conference, Goebbels knew by March what had been decided there.[66] He wrote:

Full article ▸

related documents
Joachim von Ribbentrop
George B. McClellan
English Civil War
Samurai
Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein
History of Germany
Hannibal
Battle of Dien Bien Phu
Battle of Crete
Second Battle of El Alamein
Siege
Second Battle of Bull Run
Peninsular War
Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia
History of Cuba
Hamas
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Finnish Civil War
Sino-Indian War
Winter War
Qing Dynasty
History of Mongolia
Kosovo War
First Chechen War
Napoleonic Wars
Israeli–Palestinian conflict
Cossacks
Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact
War of 1812
Battle of Cold Harbor